Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
James F. Paulson
Robert J. Cramer
James M. Henson
Sexual minority individuals (i.e., those who identify as a sexual orientation other than heterosexual) have consistently been linked to an increased risk of negative mental health outcomes. The process of coping can impact the content and severity of said outcomes, and one’s ability to cope is often predicted by the concept known as coping self-efficacy (i.e., one’s belief in his or her ability to cope). This study aimed to assess the effects of sexual orientation, coping self-efficacy, and their interactions on mental health by looking at different aspects of coping self-efficacy as potential moderating variables. Self-perceptions of coping skills were assessed across three domains; problem-solving, stopping of unpleasant thoughts and emotions, and garnering social support. Mental health variables were evaluated by using measures assessing depression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts/behaviors (STBs), and alcohol use. Archival data were collected via a large single time point survey. Data were gathered from a community sample consisting of members of the National Coalition for Sexual Freedom (NCSF), an organization dedicated to protecting the sexual freedom and privacy rights of consenting adults. Hypotheses were tested through t-tests, analyses of variance, and general linear modeling. Results evidenced an increased prevalence of mental health symptoms among sexual minority individuals when compared to heterosexual counterparts.
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Macchia, James M..
"Coping Self-Efficacy as a Potential Moderator of the Relationship Between Sexual Orientation and Negative Mental Health Outcomes"
(2020). Master of Science (MS), Thesis, Psychology, Old Dominion University, DOI: 10.25777/fqqq-pc89