American Communication Journal
Much of the literature relating to rap assumes such music contains violent and misogynic lyrics. Before exploring the possible deleterious effects of rap lyrics, it is critical to go back to the source and listen to the music. Our work examines the frequency of six profane words in randomly drawn rap music and how this differs between female and male artists. A content analysis of 180 randomly drawn songs from 18 randomly drawn artists was conducted. We expected that male artists would use more profane words compared to female artists. We also expected more profanity, by both male and female artists, to be directed at women. Our data show that the use of general profanity is most common in rap lyrics followed by profane words aimed at men. Male artists are significantly more likely than female artists to use profanity in their lyrics.
Original Publication Citation
Monk-Turner, E., & Sylvertooth, D. (2008). Rap music: Gender difference in derogatory word use. American Communication Journal, 10(4), 1-12.
Monk-Turner, Elizabeth and Sylvertooth, D'Ontae, "Rap Music: Gender Difference in Derogatory Word Use" (2008). Sociology & Criminal Justice Faculty Publications. 19.