Workbooks for Instruction in Diagram Comprehension: High School Biology Part I

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Publication Date


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Research and Presentations- Education


Four methods were developed for teaching high school students how to better understand the diagrams in their biology textbooks. The 4 workbooks instantiate these methods: Conventions of Diagrams, Self-Explanation in Diagrams, Student-Completed Diagrams-Visual, and Student-Completed Diagrams-Verbal.


© 2017 the authors.

Included with the kind written permission of the author.


There are 4 workbooks deposited here, all implemented with High School students: COD 11_04_25 Conventions of Diagrams in biology Spring 2010 Self-X with Answers Self-explanation in diagrams, in biology Ver_MASTER_draft_10_09_03 Verbal student-completed diagrams in biology Vis_MASTER_draft_10_09_07 Visual student-completed diagrams in biology Results from trials of these in classrooms were published in: Cromley, J. G., Perez, A. C, Fitzhugh, S., Newcombe, N., Wills, T. W., & Tanaka, J. C. (2013). Improving students' diagrammatic reasoning: A classroom intervention study. Journal of Experimental Education, 81(4), 511-537. doi: 10.1080/00220973.2012.745465 Cromley, J. G., Bergey, B. W., Fitzhugh, S. L., Newcombe, N., Wills, T. W., Shipley T. F., & Tanaka, J. C. (2013). Effects of three diagram instruction methods on transfer of diagram comprehension skills: The critical role of inference while learning. Learning and Instruction, 26, 45-58. doi: 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2013.01.003 The download is a zip file. Sponsored by NSF REESE award #0815245.

Original Publication Citation

Cromley, J. G., Perez, T., & Bergey, B. W. (2017). Workbooks for instruction in diagram comprehension: High school biology part I [Unpublished Manuscript]. College of Education and Human Development, Temple University.


0000-0002-2008-2555 (Perez)

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