Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date


Publication Title

The Virginia Principal: A Professional Practice Handbook




[First paragraph] Effective schools literature shows clearly that the leadership of the principal is key to the effectiveness of the school (Hoy and Miskell, 1982, and Arnn and Mangieri, 1988). To be effective, principals must use leadership styles appropriate to the situation.


© 1992 Virginia Association of Secondary School Principals, Incorporated.

All rights reserved. No part of the material protected by this copyright notice may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the copyright owner.

Included with the kind written permission of the copyright holder.


0000-0001-5074-441X (Owings)

Original Publication Citation

Owings, W.A. (1992) Leadership styles. In R.D. Barrack, M.W. Bedwell, J.S. Byrne, S.H. Campbell, T. Page Johnson, R.E. Jones, G.L. Koonce, W.A. Owings & H.R. Stiff (Eds.), The Virginia principal: A professional practice handbook (pp. 2-5.1-2-5.2). Virginia Association of Secondary School Principals, Inc.