Small Farmers' Cooperatives in Brazil, 1964-1984 Reasons for Success or Failure

Date of Award

Summer 7-1985

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Political Science & Geography


Graduate Program in International studies

Committee Director

John R. Tabb

Committee Member

Justin C. Friberg

Committee Member

Theodore F. Smith

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.I45G47


This study is concerned with cooperative business enterprises of small farmers. The topic has been chosen because peasants' association in supply and marketing cooperatives is considered an essential element in rural development. The author's field experience leads him to agree in principle with this assumption. But, as exemplified by Brazil, a variety of factors (ecological, sociohistorical, legal, economic and so forth) may hinder or help the inception and survival of cooperatives.

Thus, if a government aims at integrating the small producer into the national economy as supplier and consumer (as in Brazil), measures to implement t~is policy must not be ad hoc but coherent, consistent, and in consonance with overall agricultural policies. It has been found that, in Brazil, ideal and real policies have not followed the same path.

The author's eight-year involvement with Brazilian producers' cooperatives has resulted in this study with equivocal conclusions which, nonetheless, have wide applicability in most developing countries.


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