Political Violence and Conflict Resolution: The Struggle for Peace in Northern Ireland

Date of Award

Spring 8-2004

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

Political Science & Geography

Program/Concentration

Graduate Program in International studies

Committee Director

Reginia Karp

Committee Member

Maura Hametz

Committee Member

Joshua Behr

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.I45 F69 2004

Abstract

Political violence, especially in ethnoreligious conflicts, continues to threaten the stability and security of the international environment. Motivations for using violence are complex and can evolve over time. As long as one or more of the motivations continue to exist, parties to a conflict will feel that violence is a legitimate course of action and, thus, the conflict will persist.

Theories about the causes of conflict and the approaches that should be taken to terminate it mostly propose a single approach. A single approach, however, will address certain issues while leaving others unresolved, allowing some motivations to continue stimulating conflict. To bring violence to an end, it is necessary to utilize multiple conflict resolution approaches, addressing the conflict from different perspectives and leading to the elimination of violence. Systematic combination of four essential elements drawn from several approaches provides a more comprehensive model of conflict resolution that can succeed in overcoming the motivations for violence and allow peace to endure. These four elements are a response to the underlying issues, track-two diplomacy, inclusiveness, and third-party assistance.

The case of Northern Ireland demonstrates the efficacy of this comprehensive model. Until all four elements of the model were used during the peace process, attempts to produce peace in this region repeatedly failed. Failed attempts, such as the Sunningdale negotiations, demonstrate the deficiencies of an incomplete peace process. The successful Good Friday negotiations, on the other hand, highlight the benefits of incorporating the four necessary elements into the conflict resolution process.


Rights

In Copyright. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/ This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).

DOI

10.25777/gja2-9774

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS