Date of Award

Spring 5-1994

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Political Science & Geography


Graduate Program in International studies

Committee Director

Patrick J. Rollins

Committee Member

Pia Christina Wood

Call Number for Print

Special Collections LD4331.I45S94


The meeting at Argentina, Newfoundland, between Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Franklin D. Roosevelt in August 1941 was the first "summit" conference of the Second World War. It set the stage for the United States' entry into the war on the side of Great Britain and produced the Atlantic Charter, the noble statement of Western war aims. This study describes how the Nazi threat to England and the Atlantic brought the two democracies together into a de facto alliance before the United States formally entered the war. Its central theme is the "strategy of provocation" whereby President Roosevelt, certain that Nazi aggression threatened American security, adopted measures that challenged Hitler and led the United States into an undeclared war against Germany.

The study relies principally on the public records of the U.S. President, the Department of State, and the Army as well as memoirs of the major figures who shaped U.S. policy in 1939-41.


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