A selection of publications from researchers with the Virginia Modeling, Analysis, and Simulation Center (VMASC), Old Dominion University. Publications listed here are either copyright of the ODU author, open access, or those for which publishers allow a version to be available in an institutional repository.

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Submissions from 2024

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Designing High-Performance Identity-Based Quantum Signature Protocol With Strong Security, Sunil Prajapat, Pankaj Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, Ashok Kumar Das, Sachin Shetty, and M. Shamim Hossain

Submissions from 2023

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Mitigating Anomalous Electricity Consumption in Smart Cities Using an AI-Based Stacked-Generalization Technique, Arshid Ali, Laiq Khan, Nadeem Javaid, Safdar Hussain Bouk, Abdulaziz Aldegheishem, and Nabil Alrahjeh

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Partnering to Advance Equity in Coastal Resilience: Lessons Learned for Research and Practice Collaborations for On-the-Ground Projects, Ren-Neasha Blake Gilmore, Marina Saitgalina, Jennifer Whytlaw, Nicole Hutton, Tom Allen, Joshua Behr, and Wie Yusuf

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The Shortfalls of Vulnerability Indexes for Public Health Decision-Making in the Face of Emergent Crises: The Case of COVID-19 Vaccine Uptake in Virginia, Lydia Cleveland Sa and Erika Frydenlund

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Teaching Analytics Online: A Self-Study of Professional Practice, Andrew J. Collins, Brandon Butler, James F. Leathrum Jr., and Christopher J. Lynch

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Digital Transformation, Applications, and Vulnerabilities in Maritime and Shipbuilding Ecosystems, Rafael Diaz and Katherine Smith

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A Review of IoT Security and Privacy Using Decentralized Blockchain Techniques, Vinay Gugueoth, Sunitha Safavat, Sachin Shetty, and Danda Rawat

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APT Adversarial Defence Mechanism for Industrial IoT Enabled Cyber-Physical System, Safdar Hussain Javed, Maaz Bin Ahmad, Muhammad Asif, Waseem Akram, Khalid Mahmood, Ashok Kumar Das, and Sachin Shetty

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Energy-Efficient Multi-Rate Opportunistic Routing in Wireless Mesh Networks, Mohammad Ali Mansouri Khah, Neda Moghim, Nasrin Gholami, and Sachin Shetty

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Murder on the VR Express: Studying the Impact of Thought Experiments at a Distance in Virtual Reality, Andrew Kissel, Krzysztof J. Rechowicz, and John B. Shull

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Architectural Design of a Blockchain-Enabled, Federated Learning Platform for Algorithmic Fairness in Predictive Health Care: Design Science Study, Xueping Liang, Juan Zhao, Yan Chen, Eranga Bandara, and Sachin Shetty

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A Structured Narrative Prompt for Prompting Narratives from Large Language Models: Sentiment Assessment of ChatGPT-Generated Narratives and Real Tweets, Christopher J. Lynch, Erik J. Jensen, Virginia Zamponi, Kevin O'Brien, Erika Frydenlund, and Ross Gore

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Blockchain and PUF-Based Secure Key Establishment Protocol for Cross-Domain Digital Twins In Industrial Internet of Things Architecture, Khalid Mahmood, Salman Shamshad, Muhammad Asad Saleem, Rupak Kharel, Ashok Kumar Das, Sachin Shetty, and Joel J. P. C. Rodrigues

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Artificial Intelligence-Enabled Exploratory Cyber-Physical Safety Analyzer Framework for Civilian Urban Air Mobility, Md. Shirajum Munir, Sumit Howlader Dipro, Kamrul Hasan, Tariqul Islam, and Sachin Shetty

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Joint Congestion and Contention Avoidance in a Scalable QoS-Aware Opportunistic Routing in Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks, Ali Parsa, Neda Moghim, and Sasan Haghani

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The Use of Artificial Intelligence to Detect Students Sentiments and Emotions in Gross Anatomy Reflections, Krzysztof J. Rechowicz and Carrie A. Elzie

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Partnering to Advance Equity in Coastal Resilience: Lessons Learned for Research and Practice Collaborations for On-the-Ground Projects, Marina Saitgalina, Jennifer Whytlaw, Nicole Hutton, Tom Allen, Joshua Behr, and Wie Yusuf

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Modeling the Spread of COVID-19 in Spatio-Temporal Context, S.H. Sathish Indika, Norou Diawara, Hueiwang Anna Jeng, Bridget D. Giles, and Dilini S.K. Gamage

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An Efficient Lightweight Provably Secure Authentication Protocol for Patient Monitoring Using Wireless Medical Sensor Networks, Garima Thakur, Sunil Prajapat, Pankaj Kumar, Ashok Kumar Das, and Sachin Shetty

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Design of Robust Blockchain-Envisioned Authenticated Key Management Mechanism for Smart Healthcare Applications, Siddhant Thapiyal, Mohammad Wazid, Devesh Pratap Singh, Ashok Kumar Das, and Sachin Shetty

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Computational Decision Support for Socio-Technical Awareness of Land-Use Planning under Complexity—A Dam Resilience Planning Case Study, Andreas Tolk, Jennifer A. Richkus, F. LeRon Shults, and Wesley J. Wildman

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Evacuation Behavior of Households Facing Compound Hurricane-Pandemic Threats, Juita-Elena (Wie) Yusuf, Jennifer L. Whytlaw, Nicole Hutton, Taiwo Olanrewaju-Lasisi, Bridget Giles, Kaleen Lawsure, Joshua Behr, Rafael Diaz, and George McLeod

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Coastal Squeeze, Climigration, Equity, Oh My! An Agenda for Engaged and Applied Research on Social Equity and Coastal Resilience, Wie Yusuf, Tom Allen, Nicole Hutton, Jennifer Whytlaw, Marina Saitgalina, and Joshua Behr

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Advancing an Agenda for Social Equity and Coastal Resilience through a Multi-Sectoral, Multi-Disciplinary and Applied Research Lens, Wie Yusuf, Marina Saitgalina, Jennifer Whytlaw, Nicole Hutton, Tom Allen, and Joshua Behr

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Understanding and Assessing Demographic (In)Equity Resulting From Extreme Heat Exposure Due to Lack of Tree Canopies in Norfolk, VA Using Agent-Based Modeling, Virginia Zamponi, Kevin O'Brien, Erik Jensen, Brandon Feldhaus, Russell Moore, Christopher J. Lynch, and Ross Gore

Submissions from 2022

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Formal Modeling and Verification of a Blockchain-Based Crowdsourcing Consensus Protocol, Hamra Afzaal, Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Umar Janjua, and Sarada Prasad Gochhayat

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Measuring the Economic Impact of Recurrent Flooding on Workforce Productivity and Property, Joshua G. Behr, Wie Yusuf, George McLeod, Sarah Stafford, Derek Loftis, Afi Anuar, and Rafael Diaz

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Combining Green Metrics and Digital Twins for Sustainability Planning and Governance of Smart Buildings and Cities, Casey R. Corrado, Suzanne M. DeLong, Emily G. Holt, Edward Y. Hua, and Andreas Tolk

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Post-Quantum Secure Identity-Based Encryption Scheme Using Random Integer Lattices for IoT-Enabled AI Applications, Dharminder Dharminder, Ashok Kumar Das, Sourav Saha, Basudeb Bera, and Athanasios V. Vasilakos

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Estimating the Health Effects of Adding Bicycle and Pedestrian Paths at the Census Tract Level: Multiple Model Comparison, Ross J. Gore, Christopher Lynch, Craig Jordan, Andrew Collins, R. Michael Robinson, Gabrielle Fuller, Pearson Ames, Prateek Keerthi, and Yash Kandukuri

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A Unified Health Information System Framework for Connecting Data, People, Devices, and Systems, Wu He, Justin Zuopeng Zhang, Huanmei Wu, Wenzhuo Li, and Sachin Shetty

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Participatory Mapping to Address Neighborhood Level Data Deficiencies for food Security Assessment in Southeastern Virginia, USA, Nicole S. Hutton, George McLeod, Thomas R. Allen, Christopher Davis, Alexander Garnand, Heather Richter, Prachi P. Chaven, Leslie Hoglund, Jill Comess, Matthew Herman, Brian Martin, and Cynthia Romero

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Human Ergonomic Simulation to Support the Design of an Exoskeleton for Lashing/De-Lashing Operations of Containers Cargo, Francesco Longo, Antonio Padovano, Vittorio Solina, Virginia D' Augusta, Stefan Venzl, Roberto Calbi, Michele Bartuni, Ornella Anastasi, and Rafael Diaz

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Development of a Framework to Support Informed Shipbuilding Based on Supply Chain Disruptions, Katherine Smith, Rafael Diaz, and Yuzhong Shen

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Simulation-Based Optimization: Implications of Complex Adaptive Systems and Deep Uncertainty, Andreas Tolk

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Healthcare 5.0 Security Framework: Applications, Issues and Future Research Directions, Mohammad Wazid, Ashok Kumar Das, Noor Mohd, and Youngho Park

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ASCP-IoMT: AI-Enabled Lightweight Secure Communication Protocol for Internet of Medical Things, Mohammad Wazid, Jaskaran Singh, Ashok Kumar Das, Sachin Shetty, Muhammad Khurram Khan, and Joel J.P.C. Rodrigues

Submissions from 2021

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Anticipating and Adapting to the Future Impacts of Climate Change on the Health, Security and Welfare of Low Elevation Coastal Zone (LECZ) Communities in Southeastern USA, Thomas Allen, Joshua Behr, Anamaria Bukvic, Ryan S.D. Calder, Kiki Caruson, Charles Connor, Christopher D'Elia, David Dismukes, Robin Ersing, Rima Franklin, Jesse Goldstein, Jonathon Goodall, Scott Hemmerling, Jennifer Irish, Steven Lazarus, Derek Loftis, Mark Luther, Leigh McCallister, Karen McGlathery, Molly Mitchell, William Moore, Charles Reid Nichols, Karinna Nunez, Matthew Reidenbach, Julie Shortridge, Robert Weisberg, Robert Weiss, Lynn Donelson Wright, Meng Xia, Kehui Xu, Donald Young, Gary Zarillo, and Julie C. Zinnert

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Vind: A Blockchain-Enabled Supply Chain Provenance Framework for Energy Delivery Systems, Eranga Bandara, Sachin Shetty, Deepak Tosh, and Xueping Liang

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Developing an Artificial Intelligence Framework to Assess Shipbuilding and Repair Sub-Tier Supply Chains Risk, Rafael Diaz, Katherine Smith, Beatriz Acero, Francesco Longo, and Antonio Padovano

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Methods for Weighting Decisions to Assist Modelers and Decision Analysts: A Review of Ratio Assignment and Approximate Techniques, Barry Ezell, Christopher J. Lynch, and Patrick T. Hester

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Modeling the Effects of Religious Belief and Affiliation on Prosociality, Luke Galen, Ross Gore, and F. LeRon Shults

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Changing Logistics of Evacuation Transportation in Hazardous Settings During COVID-19, Saige Hill, Nicole S. Hutton, Jennifer L. Whytlaw, Juita-Elena Yusuf, Joshua G. Behr, Eduardo Landaeta, and Rafael Diaz

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Nonprofit Capacity to Manage Hurricane-Pandemic Threat: Local and National Perspectives on Resilience During COVID-19, Nicole S. Hutton, Steven W. Mumford, Marina Saitgalina, Juita-Elena (Wie) Yusuf, Joshua G. Behr, Rafael Diaz, and John J. Kiefer

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6G Enabled Smart Infrastructure for Sustainable Society: Opportunities, Challenges, and Research Roadmap, Abotinam Lucky Imoize, Oluwadara Adedeji, Nistha Tandiya, and Sachin Shetty

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Simulation for Cybersecurity: State of the Art and Future Directions, Hamdi Kavak, Jose J. Padilla, Daniele Vernon-Bido, Saikou Y. Diallo, Ross Gore, and Sachin Shetty

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Human Factors, Ergonomics and Industry 4.0 in the Oil & Gas Industry: A Bibliometric Analysis, Francesco Longo, Antonio Padovano, Lucia Gazzaneo, Jessica Frangella, and Rafael Diaz

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Fuzzy Cognitive Map-Based Knowledge Representation of Hazardous Industrial Operations, Francesco Longo, Antonio Padovano, Letizia Nicoletti, Caterina Fusto, Mohaiad Elbasheer, and Rafael Diaz

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Short-Range Forecasting of COVID-19 During Early Onset at County, Health District, and State Geographic Levels Using Seven Methods: Comparative Forecasting Study, Christopher Lynch and Ross Gore

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Application of One-, Three-, and Seven-Day Forecasts During Early Onset on the COVID-19 Epidemic Dataset Using Moving Average, Autoregressive, Autoregressive Moving Average, Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average, and Naïve Forecasting Methods, Christopher J. Lynch and Ross Gore

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Internet-of-Things Devices in Support of the Development of Echoic Skills Among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Krzysztof J. Rechowicz, John B. Stull, Michelle M. Hascall, Saikou Y. Diallo, and Kevin J. O'Brien

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Computational Decision Support for the COVID-19 Healthcare Coalition, Andreas Tolk, Christopher Glazner, and Joseph Ungerleider

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Developing an Institutional Arrangement for a Whole-of-Government and Whole-of-Community Approach to Regional Adaptation to Sea Level Rise: The Hampton Roads Pilot Project, Juita-Elena (Wie) Yusuf, J. Gail Nicula, Burton St. John III, Meagan M. Jordan, Michelle Covi, Carol Considine, Marina Saitgalina, and Joshua Behr

Submissions from 2020

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COVID-19 Evacuation and Sheltering Risk Perception Study, Joshua G. Behr, Rafael Diaz, Wie Yusuf, Bridget Giles, Kaleen Lawsure, and George McLeod

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Agent-Based Modelling of Values: The Case of Value Sensitive Design for Refugee Logistics, Christine Boshuijzen-van Burken, Ross J. Gore, Frank Dignum, Lamber Royakkers, Phillip Wozny, and F. LeRon Shults

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Minding Morality: Ethical Artificial Societies for Public Policy Modeling, Saikou Y. Diallo, F. LeRon Shults, and Wesley J. Wildman

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Shipbuilding Supply Chain Framework and Digital Transformation: A Project Portfolios Risk Evaluation, Rafael Diaz, Katherine Smith, Rafael Landaeta, and Antonio Padovano

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A Blockchain Simulator for Evaluating Consensus Algorithms in Diverse Networking Environments, Peter Foytik, Sachin Shetty, Sarada Prasad Gochhayat, Eranga Herath, Deepak Tosh, and Laurent Njilla

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Measuring Decentrality in Blockchain Based Systems, Sarada Prasad Gochhayat, Sachin Shetty, Ravi Mukkamala, Peter Foytik, Georges A. Kamhoua, and Laurent Njilla

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A Review of Problem Structuring Methods for Consideration in Prognostics and Smart Manufacturing, Patrick T. Hester, Andrew J. Collins, Barry Ezell, and John Horst

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Polyacrylamide in Glycerol Solutions From an Atomistic Perspective of the Energetics, Structure, and Dynamics, Scott D. Hopkins, Gideon K. Gogovi, Eric Weisel, Robert A. Handler, and Estela Blaisten-Barojas

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Virginia Digital Shipbuilding Program (VDSP): Building an Agile Modern Workforce to Improve Performance in the Shipbuilding and Ship Repair Industry, Joseph Peter Kosteczko, Katherine Smith, Jessica Johnson, and Rafael Diaz

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A Content Analysis-Based Approach to Explore Simulation Verification and Identify Its Current Challenges, Christopher J. Lynch, Saikou Y. Diallo, Hamdi Kavak, and Jose J. Padilla

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Security in 5G-Enabled Internet of Things Communication: Issues: Challenges, and Future Research Roadmap, Mohammad Wazid, Ashok Kumar Das, Sachin Shetty, Prosanta Gope, and Joel J.P.C. Rodrigues

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The Artificial University: Decision Support for Universities in the COVID-19 Era, Wesley J. Wildman, Saikou Y. Diallo, George Hodulik, Andrew Page, Andreas Tolk, and Neha Gondal

Submissions from 2019

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Attacker Capability Based Dynamic Deception Model for Large-Scale Networks, Md Ali Reza Al Amin, Sachhin Shetty, Laurent Njilla, Deepak K. Tosh, and Charles Kamhoua

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Dimensionality and Factorial Invariance of Religiosity Among Christians and the Religiously Unaffiliated: A Cross-Cultural Analysis Based on the International Social Survey Programme, Carlos Miguel Lemos, Ross Joseph Gore, Ivan Puga-Gonzalez, and F. LeRon Shults

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Foundations for a Game Theoretic Framework for Agile Acquisition, Scott Rosen, Kelly Horinek, Alexander Odeh, Les Servi, and Andreas Tolk

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The Role of Elites in the Diffusion of Social Norms of Humanitarianism, Khadijeh Salimi, Erika Frydenlund, Jose J. Padilla, Hanne Haaland, and Hege Wallevik

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Estimating Cognitive Workload in an Interactive Virtual Reality Environment Using EEG, Christoph Tremmel, Christain Herff, Tetsuya Sato, Krzysztof Rechowicz, Yusuke Yamani, and Dean J. Krusienski

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IoMT Malware Detection Approaches: Analysis and Research Challenges, Mohammad Wazid, Ashok Kumar Das, Joel J.P.C. Rodrigues, Sachin Shetty, and Youngho Park

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LDAKM-EIoT: Lightweight Device Authentication and Key Management Mechanism for Edge-Based IoT Deployment, Mohammad Wazid, Ashok Kumar Das, Sachin Shetty, Joel J. P. C. Rodrigues, and Youngho Park

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Transfer Learning for Detecting Unknown Network Attacks, Juan Zhao, Sachin Shetty, Jan Wei Pan, Charles Kamhoua, and Kevin Kwiat

Submissions from 2018

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The 'New Normal' of Flooding in Portsmouth, Virginia: Perspectives, Experiences, and Adaptive Responses of Residents and Business Owners in Low to Moderate-Income Communities, Donta Council, Michelle Covi, Wie Yusuf, Joshua Behr, Makayla Brown, Old Dominion University Resilience Collaborative, and Virginia Sea Grant

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Forecasting Changes in Religiosity and Existential Security with an Agent-Based Model, Ross J. Gore, Carlos Lemos, F. LeRon Shults, and Wesley J. Wildman

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Software Intrusion Detection Evaluation System: A Cost-Based Evaluation of Intrusion Detection Capability, Agbotiname L. Imoize, Taiwo Oyedare, Michael E. Otuokere, and Sachin Shetty

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A Reliable Data Provenance and Privacy Preservation Architecture for Business-Driven Cyber-Physical Systems Using Blockchain, Xueping Liang, Sachin Shetty, Deepak K. Tosh, Juan Zhao, Danyi Li, and Jihong Liu

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Temporal and Spatiotemporal Investigation of Tourist Attraction Visit Sentiment on Twitter, Jose J. Padilla, Hamdi Kavak, Christopher J. Lynch, Ross J. Gore, and Saikou Y. Diallo

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A Generative Model of the Mutual Escalation of Anxiety Between Religious Groups, F. LeRon Shults, Ross Gore, Wesley J. Wildman, Christopher J. Lynch, Justin E. Lane, and Monica D. Toft

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Incorporating Diegetic Elements to Increase Engagement in Games for Engineering Education, Katherine Smith, Yuzhong Shen, and Anthony W. Dean

Submissions from 2017

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Augmenting Bottom-Up Metamodels with Predicates, Ross J. Gore, Saikou Diallo, Christopher Lynch, and Jose Padilla

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A Method for Key Performance Indicator Assessment in Manufacturing Organizations, Patrick Hester, Barry Ezell, Andrew Collins, John Horst, and Kaleen Lawsure

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Overview of Game and Content Design for a Mobile Game that Will Prepare Students in Calculus and Physics Prerequisites to the Engineering Curriculum, Katherine Smith, John Shull, Patrick Sean Heaney, Yuzhong Shen, Anthony W. Dean, and Jennifer G. Michaeli

Submissions from 2016

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Research, Cooperation, a Vision for Combatting Rising Seas, Joshua Behr

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Protecting the Most Vulnerable, Joshua G. Behr

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Emergency Department Frequent Utilization for Non-Emergent Presentments: Results from a Regional Urban Trauma Center Study, Joshua G. Behr and Rafael Diaz

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Health Service Utilization and Poor Health Reporting in Asthma Patients, Joshua G. Behr, Rafael Diaz, and Muge Akpinar-Elci

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Building Resiliency in Response to Sea Level Rise and Recurrent Flooding: Comprehensive Planning in Hampton Roads, Joshua G. Behr, Rafael Diaz, and Molly Mitchell

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Disaster Preparedness and Response: A Survey of U.S. Dental Hygienists, Brenda T. Bradshaw, Ann P. Bruhn, Tara L. Newcomb, Bridget T. Giles, and Kathryn Simms

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Integrating a Simple Traffic Incident Model for Rapid Evacuation Analysis, Andrew J. Collins, R. Michael Robinson, Peter Foytik, Craig Jordan, and Barry C. Ezell

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Panic That Spreads Sociobehavioral Contagion in Pedestrian Evacuations, Terra Elzie, Erika Frydenlund, Andrew J. Collins, and R. Michael Robinson

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Social Phenomena: From Data Analysis to Models, by Bruno Gonçalves and Nicola Perra. Springer-Verlag: Berlin, 2015 (Book Review), Erika Frydenlund

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Simulation-Based Environment for the Eye-Tracking Control of Tele-Operated Mobile Robots, Ginger S. Watson, Yiannis E. Papelis, and Katheryn C. Hicks

Submissions from 2015

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Framework for Classifying Compliance and Medical Immediacy among Low-Acuity Presentations at an Urban Trauma Center, Joshua G. Behr, Rafael Diaz, Barry Knapp, and Cynthia Kratzke

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Analysis of the Cost of Emergency Managers' Meeting Load: A Hampton Road Case-Study, Andrew J. Collins, David W. Flanagan, and Barry Ezell

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Exploring a Toll Auction Mechanism Enabled by Vehicle-to-Infrastructure Technology, Andrew J. Collins, Erika Frydenlund, R. Michael Robinson, and Mecit Cetin

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Estimating Cost Adjustments Required to Accomplish Target Savings in Chronic Disease Management Interventions: A Simulation Study, Rafael Diaz, Joshua G. Behr, and Bruce S. Britton

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Integrating Truck Emissions Cost in Traffic Assignment, Peter Foytik and R. Michael Robinson

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You Are What You Tweet: Connecting the Geographic Variation in America's Obesity Rate to Twitter Content, Ross J. Gore, Saikou Diallo, and Jose Padilla

Submissions from 2014

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Hurricane Preparedness: Community Vulnerability and Medically Fragile Populations, Joshua G. Behr and Rafael Diaz